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It won’t surprise you to learn that I chose that plot. Grape cultivation for wine is as old as civilisation; it is entwined in religion, art and literature. Viticulture is itself a form of religion. Galileo said: “The sun, with all those planets revolving around it and dependent on it, can still ripen a bunch of grapes as if it had nothing else in the universe to do.” So British practitioners of this religion will be delighted at research from Harvard University suggesting that this country could soon be producing better wines than the French.
Wine In India This may sound like heresy to adherents of appellation d’origine contrôlée, but Dr Elizabeth Wolkovich of Harvard says a “threshold” could soon be crossed where rising temperatures will make it too hot in France to produce decent wines, with periods of extreme heat making flavours deteriorate. Instead, the UK – mainly areas of the southeast of England – will become the centre of European wine production. The warmer weather without extreme drought leads to earlier harvests, say the researchers, which produce better wine.
India Wines It is true that English wines are enjoying a boom. The South East, in particular, has the perfect conditions for sparkling wine: chalky soil, similar to the Champagne region in northern France, and a relatively cooler climate, which helps the grapes reach high acidity. The largest single-estate vineyard in the UK, Denbies Wine Estate in Surrey, accounts for 10 per cent of England’s wine production, while Chapel Down in Kent is another leading producer of still and sparkling wines.
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Nature Climate Change shows that warming climate has largely removed the drought factor from the centuries-old early-harvest equation. It is only the latest symptom that global warming is affecting biological systems and agriculture.
Wines From India Temperature is the main driver of grape-harvest timing, and in the last 30 years, progressive warming has pushed harvest dates dramatically forward across the globe, from California to Australia, South America and Europe. In France, where records go back centuries, since 1980 harvest dates have advanced two weeks over the 400-year mean. These earlier harvests have meant some very good years. But existing studies suggest that regions here and elsewhere will eventually become too hot for traditionally grown grapes. Vineyards may then have to switch to hotter-climate varieties, change long-established methods, move or go out of business. The earth is shifting, and terroirs with it.
India Wine In the new study, scientists analyzed 20th and 21st-century weather data, premodern reconstructions of temperature, precipitation and soil moisture, and vineyard records and going back to 1600. They showed that in the relatively cool winemaking areas of France and Switzerland, early harvests have always required both above-average air temperatures and late-season drought. The reason, they say: in the past, droughts helped heighten temperature just enough to pass the early-harvest threshold. Basic physics is at work: normally, daily evaporation of moisture from soil cools earth's surface. If drought makes soils dryer, there will be less evaporation--and thus the surface will get hotter. The authors say that up to the 1980s, the climate was such that without the extra kick of heat added by droughts, vineyards could not get quite hot enough for an early harvest. That has now changed; the study found that since then, overall warming alone has pushed summer temperatures over the threshold without the aid of drought. On the whole, France warmed about 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 Fahrenheit) during the 20th century, and the upward climb has continued.
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A 20-year labour of love has paid off for Steve and Trish Coleman at their Quoin Hill Vineyard in Waubra, Victoria.
Wine Business In India Duncan Hughes Low prices, lack of demand and high costs are forcing many owners of hobby farm wineries to plough up their vines or create an outlet for their home-grown labels, agricultural specialists say.
Wines From India Sam Paton, a valuer with Agribusiness Valuations Australia, said dreams of creating a flourishing winery had routinely turned sour for a generation of vintners.
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